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The Castrum Seprium was part of the late-Roman system of fortifications on high ground; it was reused by the Longobards and destroyed by the Viscontis in the late thirteenth century. The walls, residential area and religious complex of San Giovanni Evangelista were completely renovated by the Longobards in the 7th century and still survive. The Tower of Torba is an important example of military architecture and was used in the late Longobard period as nunnery.
The church of Santa Maria foris portas, located outside the walls in the area where the Early Medieval village developed, was built privately by aristocrats and had an adjoining burial ground. It contains one of the finest Early Medieval pictorial sequences dedicated to the story of Christ’s childhood.